Significant Events of 20th may

1498 Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calicut, India becoming the first European to reach India by sea.

1609 Shakespeare’s Sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe.

1862 US Homestead Act becomes law which provides cheap land for the settlement of the American West.

1891 History of cinema: The first public display of Thomas Edison’s prototype kinetoscope to members of the National Federation of Women’s Club.

1927 At 7:40 AM, Charles Lindbergh takes off from New York to cross the Atlantic for Paris, aboard Spirit of St Louis (1st non-stop flight).

1927 Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain (Treaty of Jeddah).

1990 Hubble Space Telescope sends its 1st photographs from space.

Famous Weddings on 20th may


1756 Prime Minister of Great Britain Frederick North (24) weds heiress Anne Speke.

1968 “The Who” guitarist and songwriter Pete Townshend (23) weds Karen Astley in England.

1995 “Eagles” singer Don Henley (47) weds model Sharon Summerall (33) in Malibu.

1995 “Broadcast News” actress Holly Hunter (37) weds cinematographer Janusz Kaminski (35).

2000 “Benny and Joon” actress Mary Stuart Masterson (33) weds film director Damon Santostefano.

Events on 20th may

325 1st Christian ecumenical council opens at Nicaea, Asia Minor.

1217 The Second Battle of Lincoln is fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke.

1293 Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed

1293 King Sancho IV of Castile creates the Study of General Schools of Alcalá.

1303 Treaty of Paris restores Gascony to the English and arranges for marriage of English Prince Edward to French Princess Isabella.

1310 Shoes were made for both right & left feet.

1347 Rienzo calls Rome for people’s tribunal.

1495 French King Charles VIII leaves Naples.

1501 Joao da Nova Castell discovers Ascension Islands

1521 Ignatius Loyola seriously wounded by a cannon ball

1524 Duke of Albany leaves Scotland

1571 Venice, Spain & Pope Pius form anti-Turkish Saint League

1591 Spanish troops in Zutphen surrenders to Willem Louis/Mauritius
Event of interestEvent of Interest

1609 Shakespeare’s Sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe.

William Shakespeare

1631 Magdeburg in Germany seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire under earl Johann Tilly, most inhabitants massacred, one of the bloodiest incidents of the Thirty Years’ War.

1639 Dorchester Mass, forms 1st school funded by local taxes

1690 England passes Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II

1704 Elias Neau forms school for slaves in NY

1734 1st Jockey Club forms in SC

1774 Britain gives Quebec, Labrador & territory north of Ohio

1775 Citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC declare independence from Britain

1784 Britain & Netherlands sign peace treaty (Peace of Paris)

1825 Charles X becomes King of France

1830 1st railroad timetable published in newspaper (Baltimore American)

1830 D Hyde patents fountain pen

1835 Otto is named the first modern king of Greece.

1840 York Minster badly damaged by fire

1845 1st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii

1845 HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in
England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost.

1861 Cornerstone of University of Washington laid in Seattle

1861 Kentucky proclaims its neutrality in Civil War

1861 North Carolina becomes 11th & last state to secede from Union

1861 US marshals appropriate previous year’s telegraph dispatches, to reveal prosecessionist evidence

1862 US Homestead Act becomes law which provides cheap land for the settlement of the American

1864 Battle at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia, 1,400 killed or injured

1864 Spotsylvania campaign ends after 10,920 killed/injured

Event of Interest

1867 British parliament rejects John Stuart Mills’ proposals on women’s suffrage

Philosopher and Political Economist John Stuart Mill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Royal Albert Hall of Arts & Sciences foundation laid by Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria

1868 Republican National Convention, meets in Chicago, nominates Grant

1870 Second Chamber of the Dutch Parliament abolishes capital punishment in The Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent the first blue jeans with copper rivets

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss

1875 International Bureau of Weights & Measures forms by treaty

1879 5th Kentucky Derby: Charlie Shauer aboard Lord Murphy wins in 2:37

1882 Germany/Austria-Hungary/France sign Triple Alliance

1882 Henrik Ibsen’s “Ghosts” (Gengangere) premieres in Chicago

1882 Gotthard rail tunnel between Switzerland & Italy opens
Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891 History of cinema: The first public display of Thomas Edison’s prototype kinetoscope to members of the National Federation of Women’s Club

Inventor Thomas Edison

1892 George Sampson patents clothes dryer

1892 Triple Alliance between Germany, Italy & Austria forms

1895 1st commercial movie performance (153 Broadway, NYC)

1896 The six ton chandelier of the Palais Garnier opera house in Paris falls on the crowd resulting in
the death of one and the injury of many others.

1897 37th British Golf Open: Harold Hilton shoots a 314 at Royal Liverpool Golf Club

1899 First speeding infraction by a New York cabbie driving an electric car – 12mph down Lexington Street

1900 2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris (lasted 5 months)

1902 United States withdraws its troops from Cuba as the first Cuban president, Tomas Estrada
Palma takes power

1903 Britain’s House of Commons begins a debate on the charges of poor administration and ill treatment of natives in Belgium’s colony in the Congo Free State

1910 Funeral for Britain’s King Edward VII

1911 Edwin Boaler Alletson hits 189 in 90 mins Notts v Sussex

1913 38th Preakness: James Butwell aboard Buskin wins in 1:53.4

1915 Bataafsche Petroleum Me begins oil extraction of Maracaibo

1916 Codell, Kansas hit by tornado (also on same date in 1917 & 1918)

1916 Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting

1917 Turkish government authorizes Jews to return to Tel Aviv & Jaffa

1918 1st electrically propelled warship (New Mexico)

1919 Volcano Keluit on Java, erupts killing 550

1920 Policemen raid the Cubs’ bleachers & arrest 24 fans for gambling

1920 Mexican President Venustiano Carranza, under attack by American petroleum companies, faces an armed rebellion by right-wing Sonoro triumvirate after nationalizing subsoil rights

1922 “Egypt” sinks off Ushant after colliding with “Seine” killing 90
Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Babe Ruth & Bob Meusel, suspended on October 16, 1921, by Judge Kennesaw Mountain Landis, return to the NY lineup & go hitless

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth

1926 Belgian government of Jaspar takes power

1926 Congress passes Air Commerce Act, licensing of pilots & planes

1926 Railway Labor Act became law in USA

1926 Thomas Edison says Americans prefer silent movies over talkies
Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 At 7:40 AM, Charles Lindbergh takes off from New York to cross the Atlantic for Paris, aboard Spirit of St Louis (1st non-stop flight)

Aviator Charles Lindbergh

1927 Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain (Treaty of Jeddah)

1930 1st airplane catapulted from a dirigible, Charles Nicholson, pilot

1930 University of California dedicates $1,500 to research on prevention & cure of athlete’s foot
Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland 1st woman fly solo across Atlantic

Aviator Amelia Earhart

1932 Engelbert Dollfuss becomes chancellor of Austria

1939 “3 Little Fishies” by Kay Kyser swam to #1

1939 1st regular transatlantic airmail (Pan Am: NY to Marsseille France)

1940 German General Guderian’s tanks reach the English Channel (British expeditionary army)

1940 Soccer team HZVV forms in Hoogeveen

1940 Trailing 7-1 in 9th to Pitts, Phils win 8-7

1941 Archer’s “Christian Calendar & Gregorian Reform” published

1941 Former Dutch PM Colijn says Neth Indies not ready for independence

1941 Germany begins airbourne invasion of Crete

1941 White Sox Taft Wright sets AL record of RBIs in 13 consecutive games

1942 US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve

1943 French, British & US victory parade in Tunis Tunisia

1944 US Communist Party dissolves

1945 Keith Miller scores 105 in the 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord’s

1946 Cubs Claude Passeau makes his 1st error since September 21, 1941, ending pitcher’s fielding
record of 273 consecutive errorless chances

1948 1st use of Israeli Air Force & 1st war victory, defeating Syrian army

1948 Cleve Indians tie AL record of 18 walks (beat Red Sox 13-4)

1950 75th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hill Prince wins in 1:59.2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Chiang Kai-shek becomes president of Nationalist China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek

1955 Argentine parliament accepts separation of church & state

1956 Atomic fusion (thermonuclear) bomb dropped from plane-Bikini Atoll

1956 Jordan government of Samir resigns

1958 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)

1959 Ford wins battle with Chrysler to call its new car “Falcon”

1959 Japanese-Americans regain their citizenship

1959 Shah of Persia visits Netherlands

1959 Yanks sink to last place, 1st time since May 25, 1940

1960 Baseball game in Milwaukee postponed due to dense fog

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 13th Cannes Film Festival: “The Sweet Life” directed by Federico Fellini wins the Palme d’Or

Film director, Scriptwriter Federico Fellini
Film director, Scriptwriter
Federico Fellini

1961 86th Preakness: Johnny Sellers aboard Carry Back wins in 1:57.6

1961 Henzes opera “Elegy for Young Lovers,” premieres in Schwetzingen

1961 Mauritania adopts constitution

1961 White mob attacks “Freedom Riders” in Montgomery, Alabama

1962 Patty Berg wins LPGA Muskogee Civitan Golf Open
AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1963 Sukarno appointed president of Indonesia

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia

1964 Buster Mathis defeats Joe Fraizer to qualify for US Olympic team

1965 Pakistani Boeing 720-B crashes at Cairo Egypt, killing 121

1965 Yorkshire all out for 23 v Hampshire at Middlesbrough

1966 19th Cannes Film Festival: “A Man and a Woman” directed by Claude Lelouch and “The Birds,
the Bees and the Italians” directed by Pietro Germi jointly awarded the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film

1967 10,000 demonstrate against war in Vietnam

1967 92nd Preakness: Bill Shoemaker aboard Damascus wins in 1:55.2

1967 BBC bans the Beatles’ “A Day in the Life” because of drug references

1968 Terence O’Neill, then Northern Ireland Prime Minister, is showered with eggs, flour and stones
after a meeting of the Woodvale Unionist Association, a loyalist vigilante group

1969 US troop capture Hill 937/Hamburger Hill Vietnam

1970 100,000 march in NY supporting US policies in Vietnam

1970 2 die and 70 injured when 2 NYC subway trains crash in Queens

1970 Beatles’ “Let it Be” movie premieres in UK

1971 Pentagon reports blacks constitute 11% of US soldiers in SE Asia

1972 “Different Times” closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 24 performances

1972 “Hard Job Being God” closes at Edison Theater NYC after 6 performances

1972 5th ABA Championship: Indiana Pacers beat NY Nets, 4 games to 2

1972 97th Preakness: Eldon Nelson aboard Bee Bee Bee wins in 1:55.6

1972 Cameroon adopts its constitution

1972 Republic of Cameroon declared as constitution is ratified

1973 “2 Gentlemen of Verona” closes at St James Theater NYC after 613 performances
Film tv awardsTelevision Awards

1973 25th Emmy Awards: Waltons, All in the Family & Mary Tyler Moore win

Actress Mary Tyler Moore

1973 Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Bluegrass Golf Invitational

1974 Soyuz 14 returns to Earth

1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR

1978 103rd Preakness: Steve Cauthen aboard Affirmed wins in 1:54.4

1978 3 PFLP members kill a police officer near El Al airlines in Orly Airport, Paris

1978 US launches Pioneer Venus 1; produces 1st global radar map of Venus

1979 “I Love My Wife” closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 864 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 1st western pop star to tour USSR-Elton John

Singer Elton John

1979 Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Coca-Cola Golf Classic

1980 710 families in Love Canal area (Niagara Falls NY) are evacuated

1980 Drummer Peter Criss quits Kiss

1980 Fire in nursing home in Kingston Jamaica, kills 157

1980 In a referendum, 59.5% of Quebec voters reject separatism
Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1983 Larry Holmes beats Tim Witherspoon in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

WBC Heavyweight Champion Larry Holmes
WBC Heavyweight Champion
Larry Holmes
Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1983 Michael Dokes & Mike Weaver fight to a draw in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

WBA World Heavyweight Champion Mike Weaver

1983 Phillies Steve Carlton passes W Johnson with 2nd most strike outs

1984 “On Your Toes” closes at Virginia Theater NYC after 505 performances

1984 Barb Bunkowsky wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Charity Golf Classic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Boston’s Roger Clemens beats Twins, 5-4, for his 1st victory

MLB Pitching Legend Roger Clemens

1985 1150 Lebanese/Palestinian prisoners exchanged for 3 Israelis

1985 Dow Jones industrial avg closes above 1300 for 1st time

1985 FBI arrests John A Walker Jr, convicted of spying for USSR

1985 Indians-Brewers game at Cleve Stadium is 1st rain-out of 1985, ends record string of 458 ML
games since Opening Day without a rain-out

1985 Israel exchanges 1,100+ Arab prisoners for 3 Israeli soldiers

1985 Larry Holmes beats Carl Williams in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1985 US began broadcasts to Cuba on Radio Marti

1985 38th Cannes Film Festival: “When Father Was Away on Business” directed by Emir Kusturica wins the Palme d’Or

1986 Christy Fichtner, 23, (Texas), crowned 35th Miss USA

1986 Flintstones 25th Anniversary Celebration airs on CBS-tv

1987 Wrestler Jerry Lawler sues WWF & Harley Race for trademark name “king”

1988 Howard Stern fans disrupt WMMR’s & John DeBella’s “Louie Louie” parade
Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Mike Schmidt hits his 535th HR, moving into 8th place

MLB Third Baseman Mike Schmidt

1989 114th Preakness: Pat Valenzuela aboard Sunday Silence wins in 1:53.8

1989 China declares martial law in Beijing

1989 Toonces The Cat takes the wheel on “Saturday Night Live”

1989 Walter McConnel, 57, is oldest to reach 27,000′ Mt Everest top

1990 “Truly Blessed” closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 33 performances

1990 Cindy Rarick wins LPGA Planters Pat Bradley Golf International

1990 Hubble Space Telescope sends its 1st photographs from space
Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Chic Bull Michael Jordan, named NBA’s MVP

Basketball Superstar Michael Jordan
Basketball Superstar
Michael Jordan

1991 Jeff Reardon gains his 300th career save

1991 Soviet parliament approves law allowing citizens to travel abroad

1991 44th Cannes Film Festival: “Barton Fink” directed by Ethan and Joel Coen wins the Palme d’Or

1992 India launches its 1st satellite independently

1992 Rap singer raps 597 syllables in under 60 seconds
Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 At height of “Black May’ political crisis in Thailand TV interview broadcast of King Bhumibol Adulyadej demanding Generals Suchinda and Chamlong work together.

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej

1992 36th European Cup: Barcelona beats Sampdoria 1-0 at London

1993 10m meteor comes within 150,000 km of Earth (1993KA)

1993 274th & final “Cheers” on NBC

1994 Bobcat Goldthwait charged with misdemeanors for fire on Tonight Show

1994 Sushmita Sen from India is crowned the 43rd Miss Universe at 18 years old

1994 Sony Theaters & Cineplex (NYC) hike movie ticket prices to $8.00

1995 120th Preakness: Pat Day aboard Timber Coutry wins in 1:54.4

1995 CBS News fires co-anchor Connie Chung

1995 Twins Marty Cordova ties rookie record of HRs in 5 consecutive games

1996 UN and Iraq agree to Resolution 986, which provides Iraq with the opportunity to sell $1 billion of oil for 90 days for a 180-day trial period; proceeds from the sale would be used for humanitarian purposes

1996 49th Cannes Film Festival: “Secrets & Lies” directed by Mike Leigh wins the Palme d’Or

1997 Cosmos Zenit-2 Launch (Russia), Failed

1997 Thor-2A Delta 2 Launch (Norway/USA), Successful

1997 White Sox Frank Thomas reaches base safely for 15th straight time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 US President Clinton signs an executive order barring new US investment in Burma (also known as Myanmar), effective May 21 and renewable annually

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton

1998 6th UEFA Champions League Final: Real Madrid beats Juventus 1-0 at Amsterdam

2000 125th Preakness: Jerry Bailey aboard Red Bullet wins in 1:56.00

2002 The independence of East Timor is recognized by Portugal, formally ending 23 years of Indonesian rule and 3 years of provisional UN administration (Portugal itself was the former colonizer of East Timor until 1976).

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

2003 The reality series “America’s Next Top Model”, created by Tyra Banks, debuts on UPN.

2006 131st Preakness: Javier Castellano aboard Bernardini wins in 1:54.65

2006 51st Eurovision Song Contest: Lordi for Finland wins singing “Hard Rock Hallelujah” in

2007 53rd British Academy Television Awards: “That Mitchell and Webb Look” Best Comedy, “The Street” Best Drama

2009 Mexico is the first Latin American country to officially enter recession

2012 6.0 magnitude earthquake kills 6 and injures dozens in northern Italy

2012 Tomislav Nikolić elected president of Serbia

Music awardsMusic Awards
2012 20th Billboard Music Awards: Adele, 21 win

Singer-songwriter Adele

2013 133 people are killed and 283 are injured in a continued wave of insurgency in Iraq

2013 2 people are killed and 20 are injured after a hot air balloon crashes in Cappadocia, Turkey

2013 The Church of Scotland votes to allow openly gay men and women to be ministers

2013 Yahoo purchases Tumbler for $1.1 Billion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 David Letterman, after 33 years, hosts the “Late Show with David Letterman” for the last time
Comedian and Television Host
David Letterman

2015 Journal Nature publishes findings of the oldest man-made tools from Kenya’s Turkana basin – 3.3 million years, the 1st found to pre-date the Homo genus.

2015 5 major world banks (JPMorgan, Barclays, Citigroup, RBS and UBS) fined US$5.7bn for manipulating currency markets – some of the largest ever fines

2015 NASCAR 2016 hall of fame inductees: Bobby Isaac, Terry Labonte and Jerry Cook

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